MARRIAGES IN INDIA A LAND OF DIVERSITY

 

Christian Wedding Ceremony

India is a land of diversity. Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jain stay here in harmony and peace. The culture of India is made rich and diversified with the rich cultural tradition of these various communities.

Christians are an important part of Indian culture. Though the population of the Christians in the country is less as compared to that of Hindus and Muslims, the Christian religion has a deep impact on the contemporary Indian Culture. Christian culture is very sober and elegant especially a Christian Wedding despite being simple and sober is a visual delight. Like other Indian marriages, the Indian Christian Wedding is also an elaborative affair spread over pre wedding, wedding and post wedding rituals. Read on if you are keen on the detailed description of tradition and ritual of an Indian Christian Wedding ceremony.

 

Pre-Wedding Ritual

 

Bridal Shower

Among the main pre wedding rituals there are functions like bridal shower, which is an informal hen party hosted by the bride’s female friends. It is mainly a female get together to celebrate the occasion. It is a fun filled function where games are played, they sing and dance the whole night. The friends and relatives shower gifts upon the bride. The bride serves a pink cake with a thimble hidden inside. According to tradition, the girl who gets the slice of cake with the thimble in it will be the next to marry.

 

Stag Party

Just like the bridal shower, which is an all girl’s party a bachelor’s party is also celebrated by the groom and his male friends. It is called a stag party hosted by the groom on the eve of his wedding or a couple of days earlier. Usually this is a wild party, and the groom is expected to enjoy his last night as a bachelor. It is customary to raise a toast before the drinking begins in earnest. It is mostly celebrated to have fun and enjoyment with his close fiends.

 

Welcoming the bride

Welcoming the bride is done on the day of the wedding; when the groom sends a car to pick up the bride and waits for her outside the church. When the bride arrives, the Best Man welcomes her with a kiss on either cheek and hands her a bouquet of flowers.

 

Wedding Ritual

Once the bride reaches the church and is received by the best men, the bride and the groom walk slowly and gracefully with the wedding procession in tow till they reach where the priest stands for the wedding mass. The priest then welcomes them and offers his best wishes. The wedding mass begins with hymns and selected readings from the Bible. The priest then delivers the homily, with an emphasis on the sanctity of marriage. The next ritual is the blessing and the exchange of the wedding rings. The ceremony comes to an end with the final blessing of the priest. The guests, towards the end, shower their blessings on the newly wedded couple. The last formality is the couple then signs the register and walk down aisle, arm in arm.

 

Post-Wedding Ritual

In the post wedding rituals like weddings the rest of the Indian marriages, Christian weddings are also followed by reception party, which is a grand affair where the newly-weds enter the venue and are welcomed by all with a shower of confetti. They cut the wedding cake and feed each a bite of the first slice. The Toastmaster proposes a toast in honor of the couple. The reception is mostly celebrated with dance and dinner party. In many function a live band performs and everybody dances to the tune of the band.

 

Maharashtrian Wedding Ceremony

The Maharashtrian wedding is full of pomp and show, exhibiting magnificent grandeur. The rituals followed in the marriage are reflect the indigenous Maharashtrian vibrant and colorful culture. Usually, marriages among the Maharashtrians take place in the morning, because the auspicious time (muhurat) chosen for the wedding generally falls in the day time. The wedding ceremonies last for about three days (including the pre-wedding and post-wedding rituals). The rituals followed during the occasion are simple, yet very impressive, which makes the spectator say that Maharashtrian wedding is truly amazing!

 

The preparations for the Maharashtrian marriage start well before the wedding, (known as pre-wedding rituals), wherein packet of sugar are exchanged between the prospective bride and the groom, followed by a couple of pujas and the Haldi ceremony. This is followed by the wedding ceremony, which is also kept short and sweet. The post-wedding rituals are divided into two phases, wherein the bride bids goodbye to her home and enters her groom’s to start a new life with him. Overall, Maharashtrian wedding ceremony is truly delightful to look at, right from its pre-wedding to the post-wedding customs. Here in this section, we provide you complete information on the rituals followed in a typical Maharashtrian wedding ceremony.

 

Maharashtrian Pre-Wedding Rituals

The Maharashtrian wedding is a ceremonious occasion filled with colorful rituals, which mesmerizes the spectator. The pre-wedding rituals are as lively as the wedding itself, which is an important turning point in every one’s life. The pre-marriage ceremonies of the Maharashtrian wedding are organized to honor the couple, who are soon going to live a new life. Prior to the marriage, the bride and the groom are pampered in a number of ways, such as, applying turmeric powder and showering of gifts.

 

Maharashtrian Wedding Rituals

The traditional Maharashtrian wedding is organized with religious observance. It is a simple ceremony, wherein the bride and the groom tie the wedding knot and pledge their lifetime companionship to the other half, in a very special way. The wedding, which is usually held in a mandap, is a brief affair consisting of antarpaat, Laxmi Narayan puja and jhal phirawne.

 

Maharashtrian Post-Wedding Rituals

Maharashtrian post-wedding rituals are as simple as the customs followed on the day of the wedding. After tying the nuptial knot, the bride and the groom seek the blessings of the elderly people of their family, feast on a lavish dinner at the reception party and enter the latter’s home to start a new life. The entire post-wedding ceremony, although observed religiously, incorporates a number of things that make it very interesting to witness.

Tamil Wedding Ceremony

Tamilians have their own rituals followed before, during and after the wedding, which look very vibrant. All the customs are followed with religious observance. All the people, right from the prospective bride and the groom to the family members, friends and relatives have the festive mood, which is set by the ceremony. The ambience is filled with nothing but happiness and celebration. The festive spirits are boosted up among the people, witnessing the ceremony, by the colorful and elaborate rituals that are conducted before, during and after the marriage.

 

The pre-marriage rituals followed by the Tamil speaking Brahmins include fasting, puja and exchange of gifts. The groom is received by the family of the bride. The wedding ceremony is also elaborate, which incorporates the rituals that are typical to the Brahmin community, such as oonjal, kashi yatra and kanyaadaan (wherein the bride sits on the lap of her father). Post-marriage, the bride and the groom are given treats and gifts. After swearing in as the wife, the bride enters the groom’s home to prosper his life there. This is the way most of the marriages are conducted among the Tamil speaking Brahmins in India and all over the world. In this section, we have given detailed information on the traditional Tamil wedding ceremony.

 

Tamil Pre-Wedding Rituals

Tamil wedding is a vast affair, wherein a number of rituals are followed. Well before the wedding day, people (including the family members of the prospective bride and the groom) are engaged in the preparations of the ceremony, which is considered a very important turning point in the couple’s life. This is the reason why, marriage is given supreme importance and a number of ceremonies are conducted before, during and after it.

 

Tamil Wedding Rituals

Tamil wedding rituals are very elaborate. They involve a number of ceremonies that are performed to ensure that the bride and the groom, who are going to tie the wedding knot, enter their new phase of life in the most elegant manner. A number of ceremonies revolve around the wedding, which is very charming to look at. Every stage of the rituals is performed with religious observance.

 

Tamil Post-Wedding Rituals

After organizing an enthralling wedding ceremony, the family of the bride and the groom head towards preparing the venue for the post-wedding celebrations. While grihapravesh is the post-marriage custom common in almost every region in India, the Tamil Brahmins have their own way of culminating the auspicious ceremony.

Telugu Wedding Ceremony

The traditional Telugu wedding ceremony is organized in a unique way. It is an elaborate affair, wherein a number of rituals are conducted before, during and after the marriage. The preparations for the festive occasion start with the finalization of the wedding date, which is done well before the ‘important day’. As a part of the customary, the Telugu people call on an astrologer to fix a date and time (muhurtham) for the auspicious occasion. This paves the way to the commencement of the preparations for the wedding, which are done in the most elaborate, colorful and vivacious way.

 

All the rituals conducted throughout the Telugu wedding ceremony hold religious significance. Each element in the ceremonies is connected with the other and is given special importance. Some people also conduct a couple of pujas prior to the wedding, so that the ceremony is organized without any hassle. This makes Telugu marriage a marvelous event to witness. One would be keen in looking at the way the bride is handed over to the groom by her father (kanyadaan) and the methods by which the groom ties the mangalsutra around her neck. In this section, we have given detailed information on the Telugu wedding ceremony.

 

Telugu Pre-Wedding Rituals

The rich and varied cultural heritage of Andhra Pradesh, a southern state of India, is reflected in the ceremonies conducted there. Almost every festivals are celebrated with religious observance, holding supreme importance in the lives of the residents of the state.

 

Telugu Wedding Rituals

The rituals conducted by the Telugu speaking people during the ceremonious occasion of wedding are different from those conducted in neighboring southern states of India. In Andhra Pradesh, the Telugu people follow their own traditions, while conducting a wedding. The bride’s maternal uncle and her brother play a prominent role at the time of the her marriage.

 

Telugu Post-Wedding Rituals

The post-wedding rituals observed by the Telugu speaking people in India are very charming to look at. After the wedding ceremony is over, the bride enters the groom’s house formally. She is given a hearty welcome by the groom’s family members. The uniting of mangalsutra takes place after a fortnight.

Punjabi Wedding Ceremony

Punjabis are large hearted people who love splendor and grandeur. They are also keen on festivals and celebrations. This nature of Punjabis also reflects in their marriage celebrations. Like other Indian weddings, a Punjabi marriage ceremony is very ritualistic but also full of fun and frolic. It is in fact one of the most colorful and musical marriage ceremonies in the country. Each ceremony is like an excuse for merriment. A Punjabi Wedding is very vibrant and celebrated like a big carnival, exhibiting splendid grandeur.

 

 A Punjabi wedding ceremony begins with Roka which is very much like an engagement ceremony where both the family for the first time formally announces the prospective marriage. The Roka is then followed by celebrations like ‘Sagan’ and ‘Chunni Chadana’ performed at the groom’s and bride’s family respectively. The joy of a Punjabi wedding begins with the Sangeet and Mehndi ceremony from where the real fun and frolic starts. Bhangras and Giddas make a Punjabi wedding more colorful. Like other Hindu weddings phere and kanyadaan are important rituals of a Punjabi Wedding. A Punjabi Wedding ceremony solemnizes with Mangal Pheras and the bride is departed to her in laws home that very day.

 

Pre Wedding Punjabi Ritual

Punjabi marriage traditions are very elaborate and ritualistic. They begin days before the actual wedding day in the form of pre-wedding ceremonies. Roka is the first pre-wedding ceremony where the two families formally meet to finalize the relationship between the two families. Roka is then followed by a series of colorful and interesting occasions like ‘Sagan and Chunni Chadhana’.

 

Punjabi Wedding Rituals

Punjabi Wedding ceremony is an interesting ceremony full of several rituals and customs. The wedding preparations start day before the actual wedding ceremony. Overall, a Punjabi wedding is very vibrant and colorful. The wedding ceremony starts from the Chuda ceremony and at the groom’s place with Vatna ceremony.

 

Post-Wedding Punjabi Rituals

Punjabis love celebrations. Their marriage ceremonies are thus extremely grand and elaborate. Even after few days of marriage, the celebrations at the groom’s and bride’s places are on. The post wedding celebrations start right after the solemnization of marriage at the Mandap. Preparations for Vidaai and Ashwirwad ceremony go hand in hand. Once the couple is blessed by all the elderly people at home, the brother of the bride accompanies the couple for Vidaai to the main exit of their home.

Sindhi Wedding Ceremony

Originally hailing from the Sapt Sindhu, the area of the Sindhu River, Sindhis have become one of the major business communities in India. Popularly found in and around metropolitan cities and townships, Sindhi people are basically Sanatani Hindus and do not follow Hindu rites strictly. In fact, Sindhi weddings are mostly based on Vedic rites. Sindhi wedding ceremony reflects the glimpses of Hinduism and Sufism. The marriage is usually a lavish affair, characterized by great pomp and show. In the community, there are special priests known as Mehraj, specializing in matchmaking and a Guryanni, who is mainly concerned with carrying the horoscopes of eligible boys and girls from house to house.

 

Sindhi weddings usually take place on an auspicious day, like the Satyanarayan Chandsi or the New Moon day. Traditionally, there are a number of rituals and customs that are performed pre, per and post the wedding day. The Sindhi customs mostly begin right from the time the prospective bride and the groom’s family agree to the union, after matching the horoscopes of the two. A priest then fixes the date of wedding and both the families engage themselves in preparations and organizations for the marriage. Colorful customs dominate the wedding place, making it an interesting and enjoyable event. In this section, we have provided comprehensive information about the rituals and customs followed in a Sindhi wedding.

 

Sindhi Pre Wedding Rituals

Sindhi weddings take place amidst a lot of pomp and show. A lavish affair, the weddings are mostly colorful and traditional. Once the horoscopes of the prospective bride and the groom are matched, the date of the wedding day is fixed. Customs and rituals are not just restricted to the D-Day. In a Sindhi wedding, there are a lot of traditions that are performed well ahead of the wedding rituals.

 

Sindhi Wedding Rituals

Similar to a Hindu marriage, Sindhi weddings are a highly lavish affair and take place with a lot of flamboyance and gaiety. However, the traditions and rituals still dominate a Sindhi wedding. The customs practiced are not just limited to the wedding day and extend before and after the wedding as well. Mostly, the weddings take place on auspicious day such as the Satyanarayan Chandsi or the New Moon day.

 

Sindhi Post Wedding Rituals

Weddings are great time to make merry and reunite with the family members. Colorful and vibrant, Sindhi wedding rituals are extremely lively and just like marriages performed in other regions of India, extend even after the marriage. Mostly revolved around the bride, the rituals performed are great way to break the ice and make the bride comfortable in the new home and with the new family members.

Muslim Wedding Ceremony

Muslim wedding ceremony is celebrated with grandeur. Muslim wedding, known as ‘Nikaah’ in Urdu, can take place at any convenient time, because there is nothing like muhurat (the auspicious time) for the Muslims. Traditionally, the Muslim wedding is held at either the bride or the groom’s home. However, in the present time, due to convenience and the availability of enough space to accommodate the long list of guests, Muslim weddings are organized in banquet halls, auditorium as well as community centers. Wherever the wedding is held, all the rituals of the three phases of wedding are strictly followed by the Muslims.

 

Muslim wedding is divided into pre-wedding, wedding and post-wedding rituals. Pre-wedding rituals largely involve the exchange of sweets, fruits and visits to the bride and groom’s houses. The pre-wedding rituals increase the level of excitement among the families of the bride and groom, who keenly look forward to the wedding day. The wedding is organized in an elegant and charming way, while the culmination of the entire ceremony, known as post wedding rituals, is special in its own terms. If you are keen about knowing more about Muslim wedding, then go through our section, where we have provided detailed information on the rituals of Muslim wedding.

 

Muslim Pre-Wedding Rituals

Known as ‘Nikah’ in Urdu, the Muslim marriage is the most important ceremony for the Islam. It is a much awaited occasion, wherein the union of two souls is celebrated in an elegant and charming way. It is not just restricted to a single day. The formal procedures are divided into pre-wedding, wedding and post wedding, each being different from the other.

 

Muslim Wedding Rituals

Wedding is an important turning point in everyone’s life. The ceremonious occasion is organized and celebrated in myriad ways all around the world. Different communities of the society have their own way of organizing the most important occasion. The wedding rituals are broadly divided according to the religions.

 

Muslim Post-Wedding Rituals

In India, wedding is something that cannot be restricted to a single-day celebration. People in

different communities, following different religions, have their own way of honoring the newly wed couple, post marriage. The post-wedding rituals followed by Muslims are divided into four phases, wherein the bride is bid goodbye by her family and is welcomed to her ‘new home’, by the groom’s family.

Kashmiri Wedding Ceremony

Kashmir is popularly known as the “Paradise on Earth”. Flaunting beautiful valleys, snow covered mountain peaks, stretching plains with flowerbeds and frizzy air, the place has a unique folk-lore, dress, language, traditions and cuisine. Kashmir also has a distinct cultural and ethnic background which is also seen in their marriages. Effervescent and elaborate are two terms that perfectly describe a Kashmiri wedding. It is also said that Kashmiris practice the largest number of rituals and customs, as compared to the other parts of India. However, the best feature about these rituals is that they are enjoyable and give ample of opportunity to all the relatives to enjoy.

 

Kashmiri wedding ceremony is full of pomp and show. In Kashmiri weddings, horoscope matching of the prospective bride and groom is given a lot of importance. Kashmiris lay emphasis on checking the compatibility between the two families, in terms of background, status and reputation. Once the match is found, pre wedding ceremonies are performed. Thereafter, on the actual day elaborate rituals and ceremonies mark the celebration. Once the bride and the bridegroom tie the nuptial knot, it is time to celebrate and make merry. To know in detail about each of the aspect of Kashmiri matrimonial customs and traditions, explore the information given below.

 

Kashmiri Pre Wedding Rituals

Wedding is all about merriment and cheerfulness. However to make the day a perfect one, hectic preparations and organizations mark the preparation phase of the weddings and Kashmiri marriage is no exception. Before tying the nuptial knot on the actual day, there are a number of ceremonies that are performed. These traditions practiced are termed as pre-wedding rituals.

 

Kashmiri Wedding Rituals

A splendid affair, marriages in Kashmir is one of the most flamboyant and ostentatious ones practiced in India. Having its own charm and luster, the huge list of rituals observed before and after the Kashmiri marriage makes it a prolonged affair. Similar to the Hindu marriage, in Kashmiri wedding, a purohit plays a major role in the wedding ceremony. He performs the rituals in front of a sacred fire.

 

Kashmiri Post Wedding Rituals

Weddings pose as a great time for enjoying and making merry. It gives ample of opportunity to re-bond with all the relatives and rejoice the union of two individuals. One of the vital features of a Kashmiri wedding is the pre, per and post wedding traditions practiced. Apart from the ritualistic practices and the religious obligations that are performed on the wedding day, there are a number of traditions that are specifically practiced after the marriage ceremony is over.

Gujarati Wedding Ceremony

Gujarati people are vibrant and lively people. They love to celebrate all their festivals and ceremonies with great pomp and show and Gujarati marriage ceremonies are thus no exception. Known for the colorful clothing, beautiful dance, umpteen scrumptious cuisines and grand ambience, Gujarati Wedding Ceremonies are the most interesting wedding ceremonies in India. Like the other Indian Wedding Ceremonies, the Gujarati Wedding is also a ritualistic concept full of various poojas and interesting traditional customs.

 

A typical Gujarati Wedding begins with Sagaii or engagement. It is actually the first formal approval of marriage in the Gujarati community. It is a traditional ceremony when would be bride arrives at would be groom’s place for solemnizing the ceremony. The other ceremonies prior to the wedding are Pithi, Mehndi and Mandap Muharat. A Grihshanti Pooja for the peace and prosperity of home is also performed prior to wedding. A night before wedding the exciting Garba dance fills the atmosphere of the marriage venue with vibrancy and enthusiasm.

 

The wedding rituals of a Gujarati Wedding ceremony are very interesting because of the traditional ritualistic pattern. Like other traditional Indian marriage Jaimala, Varmala, Kanya Daan and Mangal Phera are the rituals that are solemnized in the wedding apart from exclusive Gujarati rituals like Madhuparka, Hastamilaap, Saubhagyavati Bhava and Chero Pakaryo. The post wedding ceremonies are equally interesting. An emotional ‘Vidai’ (biding good bye to bride), ‘Ghar Nu Laxmi’ i.e. welcome ceremony of the bride at groom’s home and ‘Aeki Beki’, an interesting game to find out who will rule the household are some interesting ceremonies of a Guajarati Ceremony.

 

Gujarati Wedding Attire

Indian wedding is characterized by elaborate rituals and traditions. A grand affair, marriage is an essential step towards oneness, taken by both the bride and the groom. The weddings in India usually are extravagant and splendid events and are distinguished as a large festival that is usually celebrated over a span of a week. Rituals and traditions make an important part of the wedding ceremony.

 

Pre Wedding Gujarati Rituals

Gujarati Marriage Ceremonies can basically be divided into three parts- the Pre-marriage ceremonies, the Wedding Ceremonies and the Post Wedding Ceremonies. Pre- Wedding Ceremonies form an important part of the entire marriage ceremony as most of them are performed individually at the bride’s and groom’s place giving a festive mood to both the houses.

 

Gujarati Wedding Rituals

Gujarati Wedding is one of the most interesting wedding ceremonies in India. Like other Indian Wedding Ceremonies, the Gujarati Wedding Ceremony is full of several traditional rituals and customs. These traditional customs hold a deep meaning and regard for the Gujarati families. Performed with a great pomp and show, the Gujarati Wedding Ceremonies are vibrant and amusing.

 

Post Wedding Gujarati Rituals

A celebration of a typical Gujarati marriage does not end with the solemnization of marriage at the bride’s place. In fact these celebrations go ahead for next few days with the celebrations at the groom’s home after the arrival of bride at his place. The Post marriage ceremony begins with the Vidai (biding adieu) ceremony of the bride from her home and last with the reception ceremony of bride at the groom’s place.

Buddhist Wedding Ceremony

Buddhist Religion is known for its simplicity and the same is reflected in its wedding ceremony also. Unlike most of the traditional Indian wedding, the Buddhist wedding is very simple, without any pomp and show. In fact, the Buddhist wedding does not even include any complex rituals. The Buddhist marriage is based more on faith and belief than any religious foundation. The most pleasant thing about a Buddhist wedding is that other than any matrimonial customs and traditions, they are more inclined towards a sincere effort to create a harmonious relationship.

There is no compulsory ceremony in a Buddhist marriage, it is entirely up to the wish of a couple to go for a registered marriage at court or one of the few Buddhist temples licensed as a legal marriage venue. However, in general a typical Buddhist wedding takes place in two parts, one of them is a Buddhist component and the other is a non-Buddhist component. The first one involves offering hearty prayers along with gifts to the almighty and monks. In this section, a couple is also meant to take vows of faithfulness and understanding. The non-Buddhist component engulfs all the traditional practices followed specifically by the family of the couple which may include a prayer in the spirit house, a feast or any gift exchange.

 

Pre Wedding Buddhist Rituals

A Buddhist marriage is the simplest possible marriage. There are no religious tangles or mandatory rules and regulations. The entire marriage ceremony is treated as a social affair unlike the other religions which also regard it as a religious affair. The only thing that a coupler needs to do for tying a nuptial knot is to go for a registered marriage at court or one of the few Buddhist temples licensed as a legal marriage venue.

 

Buddhist Wedding Rituals

Buddhist Marriages ceremonies are one of the simplest possible marriage ceremonies. In a Buddhist wedding, there are no compulsory complex rituals and the entire ceremony is to be decided in accordance with the comfort of the bride’s and groom’s families. As Buddha regarded marriage more as a social affair than a religious one, he did not prescribe any specific religious function for it.

Bengali Wedding Ceremony

Bengalis have a rich culture to boast of and a whole set of interesting rituals for their marriages. Each Bengali wedding is made special in its own terms, by the colorful traditions and customs that are followed before, during and after the ceremony. Whether it is a simple or a lavish Bengali wedding, you would witness all the rituals strictly followed by the family of the couple. It is very interesting just to witness a Bengali wedding, because the people engaged in the preparations are fully animated, right from the pre-wedding to the post-wedding ceremonies, while the bride and the groom are pampered and made feel very special about themselves and the ceremony.

 

A Bengali wedding typically consists of rituals that are divided into three phases- the pre-wedding, wedding and post wedding ceremony. The pre-wedding starts a couple of days before the wedding, wherein puja is conducted by the purohit, who conducts the marriage as well. The families of the bride and the groom honor each other through the exchange of gifts, which usually contains an assortment of sweets, fish, sari etc. After the haldi ritual and snan, the bride and the groom are brought to the mandap, where they tie the wedding knot. This is followed by a series of post-wedding rituals, which are as important as the wedding itself. Overall, a Bengali wedding is truly a delight to the eyes.

 

Bengali Pre-Wedding Rituals

Bengali pre-wedding rituals are very delightful to look at. The ceremonies conducted before the marriage symbolize that they eagerly look forward to the important day in the life of the couple, who are soon going to tie the nuptial knot. Bengalis have a very charming way of pampering the bride and the groom before the wedding, and for the purpose, they have set aside certain rituals that largely include pujas and exchange of gifts.

 

Bengali Wedding Rituals

The tying of nuptial knot in the traditional Bengali style entails an elaborate and long affair, with series of colorful and charming rituals. Since wedding is a significant occasion in one’s life, the day is organized in one of the most elegant ways, which makes a Bengali wedding a very special one to look forward to.

 

Bengali Post-Wedding Rituals

Proud of their cultural heritage, the Bengalis in India organize their wedding in a unique way and mark the culmination of the ceremony in their own impressive style. The rituals conducted post-wedding is divided into three broad phases, wherein the bride departs her maternal home and joins her groom, to settle down in the latter’s home and start a new life there.

Jain Wedding Ceremony

Though the Jain population in the country is comparatively less as compared to the Hindus and Muslims, they have always been a prominent and important section of the Indian society. In this section, we will explore the traditional marriage rituals of a Jain marriage ceremony.

 

 Like other Indian communities, Jain community holds the institution of marriage in great regard. Jain community does not believe in wasting time and money over the pomp and show of marriage as they regard it much more than a worldly affair. So, a Jain Wedding is simple and sober with no extravaganza. The Jain Wedding is more ritualistic and traditional. Several pre-wedding, wedding and post wedding rituals are done to solemnize the marriage.

 

Pre Wedding rituals like Laghana Lekhan, Lagna Patrika Vachan and Sagai take place before the actual wedding ceremony. A Jain wedding ceremony is incomplete without a grand public proclamation of the intention of the prospective bride and grooms to live together for their entire life. The most prominent features of Jain Wedding Ceremony are Phere, Kanyavaran, Havan and Granthi Bandhan. After these four rituals, the wedding of the couple is said to have been fully solemnized. Once the wedding ceremony is over, the Ashirvada ceremony to bless the newly wed couple takes place.

 

Pre Wedding Jain Rituals

Jain Wedding is a simple yet ritualistic phenomenon. The Jain community believes in simple solemnization of the nuptial knot with the blessings of almighty and elders. Before the actual wedding takes place, a series of traditional pre-wedding rituals take place in a Jain Community to make the auspicious beginning of the new relationship.

 

Jain Wedding Rituals

Like other Indian Weddings, Jain weddings are also very ritualistic. They are followed through a series of pre-wedding, wedding and post wedding rituals. The Jain weddings are very simple and sanctified without any extravagance. A typical Jain wedding is solemnized after a series of rituals like Phere, Havan and Granthi Bandhan.

 

Post-Wedding Jain Rituals

Jain Wedding Ceremonies are simple ceremonies. As the Jain Community regards the marriage much above the worldly affairs, they avoid any kind of pomp and show during the entire affair of marriage. They also hold the institution of marriage in high regard and that is why marriage is a compulsory affair for all the people of their community.

Jewish Wedding Ceremony

Though this might come to you as a surprise, but in Judaism, marriage is considered as the idyllic state of personal existence. An unmarried person, whether man or woman, is considered incomplete. Jewish wedding ceremony usually comprises of two main phases – the betrothal and the actual wedding and is mostly conducted on Tuesday. In the kiddushin or engagement phase, the would-be husband and wife confer a promise that they would get married in some time. While kiddushin leads to a change in their conjugal status, nissu’in or the actual wedding brings a legal change. In the yesteryears, there was a gap of about a year or so in between the two ceremonies. However, with time, things have speeded up and the two ceremonies started taking place, as a combined ceremony.

 

 In the present day, at the time of kiddushin the groom places a ring on the bride’s right index finger. The bride, on the other hand, just clenches her fist to show her acceptance. A verbal response by the bride is not mandatory. Once this is done, the ketubah is read publicly and witnesses (one from each side) are required for both, the signing of the ketubah and the ceremony. By accepting the ring, the woman also makes a vow, accepting the terms of the marriage contained in a ketubah. Next in line, is the ceremony of nissuin, wherein, the couple is joined in matrimony, under the chuppah. Lastly, the highlight of the wedding i.e. drinking of wine by both the bride and groom and the breaking of glass by the groom takes place. To know more about the Jewish matrimonial customs & traditions, read through this section.

 

Jewish Pre Wedding Rituals

Wedding, in Judaism, is considered as union of two souls for oneness and is hence, marked by great fervor and enthusiasm. The commencement of wedding celebration does not only mean the practice of wedding rituals, but making merry in the pre-ceremonial events as well. In almost all religions, wedding rituals begin days before the actual wedding day or D-Day and Jewish wedding is no exception to this fact.

 

Jewish Wedding Rituals

For Jewish people, marriage is a fusion of two souls. They belief that God created the first man and woman (Adam and Eve) from one body and with the practice of marriage, they return to same oneness. A traditional Jewish wedding consists of significant rituals and beliefs. The wedding, not only indicates the beauty of the relationship of a couple, but also indicates their obligations to each other and to the Jewish society, as a whole.

 

Jewish Post Wedding Ritual

Partying and celebrating forms an important part in all weddings, and Jewish wedding is no exception. After following the rituals and ceremonies, it is time to let loose the hair and sway to the beats of music. Commonly, a Jewish wedding is followed by celebration and grand party. Once the religious practices are over, guests rejoice and make merry at the union of two individuals.

 

Parsi Wedding Ceremony

Like other Indian marriages, the wedding rituals and customs of Parsi community are also spread over a couple of days. In Parsi wedding also, the wedding celebrations are divided into three parts- pre wedding rituals, wedding day rituals and post wedding rituals. As marriage is a religious ritual encouraged in the Parsi religion, Parsi people consider marriage to be an occasion of social as well as religious celebrations. If you are keen about knowing the details of the Parsi wedding ceremony, given below is the detailed description of the Parsi marriage traditions from Pre-Marriage to Post Marriage Traditions.

 

Pre Wedding Rituals

Among the pre wedding rituals or customs we have Madhavsaro, which is celebrated four days before the lagan(marriage day), the families of the bride and groom each plant a young tree in a pot, amidst recitation of prayers by the family priest, and place this at the entrance of their homes. Generally a mango plant is used for this ceremony as it is treated as a symbol of fertility. The plant is watered every morning till the eighth day after the wedding and then transplanted elsewhere.

 

‘Adarni’ is the third day before the lagan and it is celebrated as a day for exchange of gifts. On this day the groom’s family visits the bride’s home and presents her with all kinds of gifts like clothes, jewelry, etc. The relatives, neighbors and friends are invited for a traditional meal of sev and dahi, boiled eggs and bananas. The immediate day before the wedding is called ‘Supra nu Murat’ it is more like the mehendi and haldi ceremony of the Hindus. In this ritual four married women are given a supra each, containing paan, supari, haldi, dates and a piece of coconut. While singing traditional songs, these supras are exchanged seven times among the women cross-wise, length-wise and breadth-wise. A fifth lady sits in the middle with a khalbatto and dry turmeric. Then a paste of it is applied by all to the groom and bride along with a showering of blessings.

 

Wedding Day Rituals

‘Nahan’ is the day of the lagan. On the occasion of Nahan, the staircase, doorway and gate is decorated with beautiful decorative designs of rangoli(colorful motifs). According to the Zorastrians the time immediately after sunset or very early in the morning is considered auspicious for marriage. For the marriage ceremony the bride dresses in her ‘Madhavate’, the white, ornate wedding saree given by her parents, while the groom wears the traditional ‘Parsi Dagli and Feta’, a white kurta like garment and a black cap. The Parsi lagan is called ‘Achumichu’, which takes place either at a Baug or at an Agiary (the fire temple). A stage is build up for the couple and before they step on it, the groom first, a ritual called Achumichu is performed. The bride’s mother takes a tray with a raw egg, supari, rice, coconut, dates and water and begins the ceremony with her son-in-law to be. In Ara antar ceremony the couple is made to sit facing each other with a cloth held between them, so they cannot see the other. Among the other main day rituals are Chero bandhvanu and Haath borvanu.

 

Post Wedding Rituals

In the post-wedding rituals the reception is held in a grand manner with varied menu of food, drink and music. The party is a whole night affair where all the guests have a lovely time. The menu mainly comprises of traditional Parsi dishes like Parsi bhonu like sarya (crisps), achaar – rotli (pickle and rotis), patra ni macchi (steamed fish), salli margi (chicken with potato crisps), lagan nu custard, pulao-dal and ice cream. The wedding ceremony ends with the couple being accompanied home by the bride’s family and the Achumichu being performed once again by the groom’s mother for the well being of the couple.

Sources: Pictures  and write-up’s from  various Indian web site

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10 Most Romantic Movies of All Time

While ranking the most romantic movies of all time, you cannot stop yourself from noticing how much things change since the age of cast kisses and beautiful stories that almost always ended up with the man passionately embracing his sweetheart. Today relationships are more unconventional, endings may be unexpected and undesired, while the two main characters may not be the ideal man and the perfect woman, but quite the opposite. The movies changed with their audience and love changed with generations. While I have no idea if viewers from back then like, or would like the love stories of our times, we sure love classics! The IMDb top 10 most romantic movies of all time is an undeniable proof:

1. Before Sunrise (1995)

1.before sunrise

This is the beautiful story of a man (Jesse) and a woman(Celine) who meet in a train going from Budapest to Vienna. The two have a strong connection since the first moment together and the man (Ethan Hawke) asks the beautiful stranger (Julie Delpy) to spend a day with him in Vienna. She accepts and the two begin a one day adventure that will transform into love. However, the next day, each one has to go on his way. What will happen now with their love?

2. Shakespeare in Love (1998)

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One of the most romantic movies ever, it tells the beautiful story of a young Shakespeare (Joseph Fiennes) who falls in love with Viola Lesseps (Gwyneth Paltrow) at the right time: with no money and no inspiration, Shakespeare was in need of a muse and Viola, a vision of perfection, will inspire him to create one of his most famous plays: Twelfth Night.

3. Before Sunset (2004)

3.before sunset

After the success of “Before Sunrise” the two main actors met again on the movie set for the continuation of the love story of Jesse and Celine. Long after their first encounter in the train, the two have now accomplished careers and Jesse even has a wife and a child. However, they spend some romantic hours wondering around in Paris, trying to discover if the feelings they had for each other still exist. The end is open, leaving the viewer to decide for himself if they will remain together or not.

4. Pride and Prejudice (1995 miniseries)

4. pride and prejudice

How could a movie made after Pride and Prejudice be something else than one of the most romantic movies of all time? The well known story of Elizabeth Bennett and Mr. Darcy is making numerous women around the world sigh and weep once again with this beautiful adaptation. Not a wonder that it has 9.2/10 on IMDb.

5. The Philadelphia Story (1940)

5. Philadelphia-Story

Even though the recent years have seen some very romantic movies, the classics are still world favorites, when it comes to love stories. Back then, people really knew how to love, without a doubt. The two main characters are part of the fashionable society of Philadelphia. They marry without thinking twice, after a short, passionate relationship and get a divorce soon after. Two years later, Tracy (Katharine Hepburn), is ready to remarry but her former husband(Cary Grant) reapers into her life and the love they used to share comes back to life.

6. Sabrina (1954

6. sabrina

Yet another beautiful, classic story is that of Sabrina (Audrey Hepburn), a beautiful, young woman, the daughter of a wealthy family’s chauffeur. There are two sons in the family-one is a playboy(David) and the other is serious and hard working(Linus). Sabrina is in love with David, but he does not even look at her. After two years spent in Paris, she returns as an elegant, sophisticated woman and both men become crazy about her. Now, she feels attracted by Linus. Love is not easy at all…

7. Bright Star (2009)

7. bright star

The difference between classic movies and contemporary ones could not be more evident than in the case of romantic films: the whole idea of love seems to have changed since those times, when the main character rarely died at the end. The love story between John Keats and Fanny Brawne is retold in this drama, starring Abbie Cornish and Ben Whishaw. The very young Fanny and John are falling deeply in love with each other, despite the great differences between them. However, their relationship ends tragically with the death of only 25 year old John.

8. Smilin’ Through (1932)

8.smilin-through-movie-poster-1932

Back in the days when a cast kiss on the forehead was all a movie poster needed in order to attract audience, the story of two couples, both facing great difficulties, made the women of the 30’ dream with their eyes open. John Carteret, very wealthy and deeply hurt by the death of his fiancé, Moonyeen, during their wedding ceremony, is communicating with her spirit for the rest of his life and reunites with her after death. The niece of his wife, whom he had adopted since childhood falls in love with the son of Moonyeen’s killer. What will happen next is for you to discover…

9. Reality Bites (1994)

9 reality bites

This film brings together Ben Stiller, Ethan Hawk and Winona Ryder who are entering a love triangle of which it will be hard to get out. Besides the love story, the film is also talking about the struggle of four young friends when trying to find a way in life. These characters are representatives for the generation X, with all its problems (AIDS and fear of admitting one’s homosexuality, for example).

10. Romeo and Juliet (1968)

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How could anyone exclude this story from a “most romantic movies” list? This absolutely beautiful version of the well known drama is an absolute must for any cinemagoer , who has a thing for romantic movies. As a plus, this version of Romeo and Juliet won 2 Oscars. The beautiful Juliet was 15-year-old Olivia Hussey, while Romeo was played by Leonard Whiting who was 18 years old.

Source: IMDb