ACIDITY


 

Acidity can be described as a condition wherein there is an excess of acid secretion by the gastric glands of stomach. Heartburn and gas formation are the major symptoms of acidity. Our body produces acid to digest the food we eat. However, problem strikes, when it produces more acid than what is required. It is, then, that the gastric juices move from the stomach, into the lower esophagus, making it dysfunctional. There are a number of reasons that lead to the formation of acidity.

 

Causes Of Acidity

 

Excessive smoking

Drinking too much alcohol

Gastro duodenal (peptic) ulcer

Hyper secretion of hydrochloric acid

Reflux of gastric acid

Not having meals on time

Eating fried and spicy food on a regular basis

Problems in the functioning of digestive system

Being on an empty stomach for a long time or skipping breakfast

Eating foods rich in fats, like chocolates

Pregnancy

Aging

Obesity

Excessive exposure to sun and heat

Inappropriate food habits

Negative emotions

Weakness of the valves

 

Symptoms Of Acidity

 

Burning sensation or pain in the stomach, 1-4 hours after a meal

Chest pain

Prolonged heartburn

Inflammation in chest

Feeling hungry frequently

Constant pain in the upper abdomen

Belching

Nausea

Bitter taste in mouth

Loss of appetite

Respiratory problems

Vomiting

Coughing

Gastro-esophageal reflux

Voice change and formation of ulcer in esophagus (tube connecting mouth and stomach)

Pain during muscular contractions

Pain in ears

 

Home Remedies For Acidity

If you are suffering from acidity, try to suck on a piece of clove. It will bring immediate relief.

For people who are prone to acidity, intake of milk or other dairy products will prove to be helpful.

Regular consumption of fresh mint juice can also help you get rid of acidity.

Add two teaspoons apple cider vinegar and two teaspoons honey to a glass of water. Drink this concoction after meals, as it reduces the chances of acidity.

Boil cumin seeds in a glass of water. Let it cool down and supplement your meals with it.

Banana, cucumber and watermelon have been found to be helpful in treating acidity naturally.

If you are have acidity problem, avoid taking tea, coffee and other aerated drinks. Instead, go for herbal tea, containing spearmint  and liquorice .

The simplest of all remedies is to have a glass of warm water every day, early in the morning. Water is believed to neutralize acidity.

Drink coconut water 3 to 4 times in a day. It will help bring relief from acidity.

If you are looking for an immediate relief, have a bowl of yoghurt. It is one of the most effective home remedies for acidity.

If you constantly suffer from acidity, suck on 10 grams jaggery everyday, after meals. It will help you avoid acid formation.

Have a glass of cabbage juice everyday, in order to avoid acid formation and the resultant acidity.

If you want instant relief from acidity, take a glass of water with a teaspoon of soda in it.

 

Please check with a expert before using any of the suggestions given in this article.

Your Weight Is Important

Over the past few years it has become clear that weight is an important health issue. Some people who need to lose weight for their health don’t recognize it, while others who don’t need to lose weight want to get thinner for cosmetic reasons. We understand that in some ways your weight is different from, for example, your cholesterol level or your blood pressure, because you can’t see what these are by looking at someone. Many patients have had health care providers who approached their weight in a less-than-sensitive or helpful manner. Some patients may have had health care encounters in which they felt blamed, but not helped. Successful weight management is a long-term challenge.

Weight can affect a person’s self-esteem. Excess weight is highly visible and evokes some powerful reactions, however unfairly, from other people and from the people who carry the excess weight. The amount of weight loss needed to improve your health may be much less than you wish to lose, when you consider how you evaluate your weight. Research has shown that your health can be greatly improved by a loss of 5–10 percent of your starting weight. That doesn’t mean you have to stop there, but it does mean that an initial goal of losing 5–10 percent of your starting weight is both realistic and valuable.


Behaviors That Will Help You Lose Weight and Maintain It

Set the Right Goals

Setting the right goals is an important first step. Most people trying to lose weight focus on just that one goal: weight loss. However, the most productive areas to focus on are the dietary and physical activity changes that will lead to long-term weight change. Successful weight managers are those who select two or three goals at a time that are manageable. 

Useful goals should be (1) specific; (2) attainable (doable); and (3) forgiving (less than perfect). “Exercise more” is a great goal, but it’s not specific. “Walk 5 miles every day” is specific and measurable, but is it doable if you’re just starting out? “Walk 30 minutes every day” is more attainable, but what happens if you’re held up at work one day and there’s a thunderstorm during your walking time another day? “Walk 30 minutes, 5 days each week” is specific, doable, and forgiving. In short, a great goal!

Nothing Succeeds Like Success

Shaping is a behavioral technique in which you select a series of short-term goals that get closer and closer to the ultimate goal (e.g., an initial reduction of fat intake from 40 percent of calories to 35 percent of calories, and later to 30 percent). It is based on the concept that “nothing succeeds like success.” Shaping uses two important behavioral principles: (1) consecutive goals that move you ahead in small steps are the best way to reach a distant point; and (2) consecutive rewards keep the overall effort invigorated.

Reward Success (But Not With Food)

An effective reward is something that is desirable, timely, and dependent on meeting your goal. The rewards you choose may be material (e.g., a movie or music CD, or a payment toward buying a more costly item) or an act of self-kindness (e.g., an afternoon off from work or just an hour of quiet time away from family). Frequent small rewards, earned for meeting smaller goals, are more effective than bigger rewards that require a long, difficult effort.


Balance Your Food Checkbook

“Self-monitoring” refers to observing and recording some aspect of your behavior, such as calorie intake, servings of fruits and vegetables, amount of physical activity, etc., or an outcome of these behaviors, such as weight. Self-monitoring of a behavior can be used at times when you’re not sure how you’re doing, and at times when you want the behavior to improve. Self-monitoring of a behavior usually moves you closer to the desired direction and can produce “real-time” records for review by you and your health care provider. For example, keeping a record of your physical activity can let you and your provider know quickly how you’re doing. When the record shows that your activity is increasing, you’ll be encouraged to keep it up. Some patients find that specific self-monitoring forms make it easier, while others prefer to use their own recording system.

While you may or may not wish to weigh yourself frequently while losing weight, regular monitoring of your weight will be essential to help you maintain your lower weight. When keeping a record of your weight, a graph may be more informative than a list of your weights. When weighing yourself and keeping a weight graph or table, however, remember that one day’s diet and exercise patterns won’t have a measurable effect on your weight the next day. Today’s weight is not a true measure of how well you followed your program yesterday, because your body’s water weight will change from day to day, and water changes are often the result of things that have nothing to do with your weight-management efforts.


Avoid a Chain Reaction

Stimulus (cue) control involves learning what social or environmental cues seem to encourage undesired eating, and then changing those cues. For example, you may learn from reflection or from self-monitoring records that you’re more likely to overeat while watching television, or whenever treats are on display by the office coffee pot, or when around a certain friend. You might then try to change the situation, such as by separating the association of eating from the cue (don’t eat while watching television), avoiding or eliminating the cue (leave the coffee room immediately after pouring coffee), or changing the circumstances surrounding the cue (plan to meet your friend in a nonfood setting). In general, visible and reachable food items are often cues for unplanned eating.


Get the Fullness Message

Changing the way you go about eating can make it easier to eat less without feeling deprived. It takes 15 or more minutes for your brain to get the message that you’ve been fed. Eating slowly will help you feel satisfied. Eating lots of vegetables and fruits can make you feel fuller. Another trick is to use smaller plates so that moderate portions do not appear too small. Changing your eating schedule, or setting one, can be helpful, especially if you tend to skip, or delay, meals and overeat later.

Source: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute